Clean Sweep Live Auction on Wed. May 1st. Click to view the full inventory

DOTmed Home MRI Oncology Ultrasound Molecular Imaging X-Ray Cardiology Health IT Business Affairs
News Home Parts & Service Operating Room CT Women's Health Proton Therapy Endoscopy HTMs Pediatrics
Current Location:
> This Story

Log in or Register to rate this News Story
Forward Printable StoryPrint Comment




X-Ray Homepage

FDA clears GE’s AI-based CT image reconstruction technology Available as upgrade to Revolution Apex scanner

Philips Medical Systems sues ex-employee over alleged secrets theft Suit claims X-ray tube trade secrets were stolen before erasing hard drive

The upper extremity value of mini C-arms in the ER and OR Insights from Dr. Korsh Jafarnia

X-ray sheds new light on ancient mummy The Everhart Museum in PA tapped Geisinger Radiology for help

First ultra high-res CT scan performed on US patient Scanner at UC Davis can image anatomy as small as 150 microns

Joint Commission fluoro mandate may confuse providers, say experts Requires max exposure rates of imaging modes for fluroscopy devices

This UK company is utilizing space technology to develop a portable 3D X-ray system Adaptix has received $1.35 million from space agencies

Industrial hi-res X-ray yields greater insight into child abuse case Identified microscopic injuries that would not have been detected with standard CT

Trice Imaging connects imaging devices of large chain healthcare provider Aleris Patients and physicians can view images on laptops, cell phones

Reducing extravasations in CT contrast-enhanced IV injections Tips and best practices for administering better care

Patient centering is key to CT dose optimization

by Thomas Dworetzky , Contributing Reporter
Even as big data and advanced technology make giant contributions to improving CT scan results, the technologist's role in properly positioning a patient remains of primary importance, according to a recent Philips white paper on the subject.

“Patients that are not properly centered do not have their center of mass properly aligned with the center of the bowtie [X-ray intensity shaping] filter, which affects the attenuation of the X-ray beam and image noise, the paper notes, adding, “As a result, dose optimization efforts to reduce radiation dose while maintaining image noise may be compromised in miscentered patients.”

Story Continues Below Advertisement


Special-Pricing Available on Medical Displays, Patient Monitors, Recorders, Printers, Media, Ultrasound Machines, and Cameras.This includes Top Brands such as SONY, BARCO, NDS, NEC, LG, EDAN, EIZO, ELO, FSN, PANASONIC, MITSUBISHI, OLYMPUS, & WIDE.

Proper positioning requires that the technologist “eyeball” the patient so that the “midline (an imaginary line drawn between the patient's eyes to their pubic symphysis) is in the center of the CT bed, and that the table height is adjusted so the center of mass of the region to be scanned is coincident with the center of rotation of the CT scanner.”

This is done initially with the aid of lasers in modern equipment. But it needs to be checked by the technologist. “The technologist typically performs a lateral projection localizer to see if the patient is close to [the center of rotation] isocenter (<5 mm). Next, the technologist acquires an anterior-posterior image,” advised the white paper, adding that “the technologist uses the anterior-posterior image to select the field-of-view for the diagnostic image and reconstruction."

If the patient is deemed misaligned, then the technologist adjusts the table and “'rescouts' the patient to ensure the scanner recalculates the automatic exposure control needed for optimum image quality.”

The white paper noted, however, that patients are all too often not lined up correctly. “Retrospective studies have shown that patient off-centering is less prevalent in the x,y direction, and most pronounced in the vertical direction. In one study, 67-85 percent of patients were miscentered more than 1 cm below isocenter.”

Studies have also shown that the size of patient appears to be a big reason behind this miscentering. Those who are mispositioned above isocenter tend to be larger patients. But smaller patients tend to be the most often miscentered, the paper advised.

In a 2007 study of the issue of patient positioning, GE Healthcare researchers evaluated the records of 273 adult body patients and reported in the Journal of Medical Physics that “retrospective analysis of adult body scout Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) scans shows that 46 percent of patients were miscentered in elevation by 20-60 mm with a mean position 23 mm below the center of rotation (isocenter). The analysis indicated a surface dose penalty of up to 140 percent with a mean dose penalty of 33 percent assuming that tube current is increased to compensate for the increased noise due to miscentering.

Authors T. Toth, Z. Ge and M.P. Daly added that “clinical image quality and dose efficiency can be improved on scanners with bowtie filters, if care is exercised when positioning patients.”

A 2014 report in the American Journal of Roentgenology also observed frequent errors positioning of patients, specifically for chest scans. “Regardless of patient size, most patients in this study were positioned too low, which negatively affected both patient dose and image noise. Miscentering was more pronounced in smaller pediatric patients,” observed lead author Touko Kaasalainen of the Helsinki University Central Hospital.

He added that, “we conclude that vertical off-centering of a patient for chest CT is a common and serious problem regardless of patient size.”

X-Ray Homepage

You Must Be Logged In To Post A Comment

Increase Your
Brand Awareness
Auctions + Private Sales
Get The
Best Price
Buy Equipment/Parts
Find The
Lowest Price
Daily News
Read The
Latest News
Browse All
DOTmed Users
Ethics on DOTmed
View Our
Ethics Program
Gold Parts Vendor Program
Receive PH
Gold Service Dealer Program
Receive RFP/PS
Healthcare Providers
See all
HCP Tools
A Job
Parts Hunter +EasyPay
Get Parts
Recently Certified
View Recently
Certified Users
Recently Rated
View Recently
Certified Users
Rental Central
Rent Equipment
For Less
Sell Equipment/Parts
Get The
Most Money
Service Technicians Forum
Find Help
And Advice
Simple RFP
Get Equipment
Virtual Trade Show
Find Service
For Equipment
Access and use of this site is subject to the terms and conditions of our LEGAL NOTICE & PRIVACY NOTICE
Property of and Proprietary to DOTmed.com, Inc. Copyright ©2001-2019 DOTmed.com, Inc.