DOTmed Home MRI Oncology Ultrasound Molecular Imaging X-Ray Cardiology Health IT Business Affairs
News Home Parts & Service Operating Room CT Women's Health Proton Therapy Endoscopy HTMs Mobile Imaging
Current Location:
> This Story

Log in or Register to rate this News Story
Forward Printable StoryPrint Comment




More This Month in Medical History

We all bleed the same color – the legacy of Dr. Charles Richard Drew Get to know the 'Father of the Blood Bank'

This month in medical history: Handing epidemics Dr. John Snow and the origins of epidemiology

Louis Braille - The world’s knowledge at his fingertips The life of a man who brought reading to the blind

The first (and only) female Medal of Honor winner How a doctor turned Civil War spy left her mark in history

Jonas Salk’s gift to the world Polio was a scourge, his education matched well with what was needed to find a cure

See All This Month in Medical History  

More Voices

George HW Bush and healthcare The Jacobus Report

Michael Friebe's 27th personal, slightly biased, and as always subjective RSNA report AI / machine learning is mainstream now — RSNA(I) in an exponential world

Putting the patient at the center of breast care Insights from Agnes Berzsenyi, president and CEO of GE Healthcare Women’s Health

Report on this year's RSNA The Jacobus Report

Where there's smoke, there's cancer

by Nancy Ryerson , Staff Writer
From the May 2013 issue of DOTmed HealthCare Business News magazine

In 1900, there were only 140 known lung cancer deaths recorded in medical literature. By the 1920s, doctors began noticing a sharp spike in lung tumors. In between, in 1913, Camel cigarettes launched its first major ad campaign and smoking rates skyrocketed, but it wasn’t until 1950 that researchers confirmed the connection.

Scientists began questioning the link between tobacco and lung cancer as early as 1898. In that year, a German medical student suggested that tobacco dust rather than smoke was to blame for high lung cancer rates in a tobacco factory. German researchers continued to investigate the link through small population studies in the 1930s. Then, on May 27, 1950 the first study to definitively link the rise in lung cancer to tobacco smoking was published in the Journal of the American Medicine Academy. Morton Levin, then the director of Cancer Control for the New York State Department of Health, measured the prevalence of lung cancer in Buffalo, N.Y., patients between 1938 and 1950. He concluded that smokers were twice as likely to develop lung cancer as non-smokers.

Story Continues Below Advertisement

Click to visit GE Healthcare Service Shop for ultrasound probe solutions

Get reliable ultrasound probe replacements, faster repair, and service coverage you can count on with GE Healthcare. Service Shop gives customers on-demand access to over 100 OEM new, used, and refurbished probe replacements.

After that day in May, four more patient surveys along with animal studies came to the same conclusion: the rise in lung cancers in the beginning of the 20th century was directly connected to cigarette smoking. In 1954, a study concluded that smoking 35 or more cigarettes per day increases one’s odds of developing lung cancer by a factor of 40. In the same year, the American Cancer Society’s National Board of Directors announced “without dissent” that “the presently available evidence indicates an association between smoking, particularly cigarette smoking, and lung cancer.”

The chemicals in cigarette smoke that cause cancer were also explored during the 1940s and ‘50s. An Argentinean researcher named Angel Roffo identified carcinogens such as aromatic hydrocarbons in cigarette smoke. Even cigarette companies admitted to the chemicals, such as in 1947 when the makers of Old Gold cigarettes acknowledged the presence of “carcinogenic bensopyrene in tobacco tars.” By 1952, several dozen carcinogens in cigarette smoke had been identified.

The first animal studies linking tobacco and cancer were performed early in the 20th century with “tobacco juice,” followed in 1931 by a study that showed that condensed tobacco smoke would cause tumors when smeared on a rabbit’s skin. A 1953 study, featured in Time magazine, showed that tumors would grow on the skin of rats where cigarette smoke tars were spread. That study in particular brought national attention to the link, and smoking rates dropped. Unfortunately, cigarette company ad executives quickly developed winning campaigns that brought numbers right back up. Smoking rates continued to rise until dropping in 1982.
  Pages: 1 - 2 >>


You Must Be Logged In To Post A Comment

Increase Your
Brand Awareness
Auctions + Private Sales
Get The
Best Price
Buy Equipment/Parts
Find The
Lowest Price
Daily News
Read The
Latest News
Browse All
DOTmed Users
Ethics on DOTmed
View Our
Ethics Program
Gold Parts Vendor Program
Receive PH
Gold Service Dealer Program
Receive RFP/PS
Healthcare Providers
See all
HCP Tools
A Job
Parts Hunter +EasyPay
Get Parts
Recently Certified
View Recently
Certified Users
Recently Rated
View Recently
Certified Users
Rental Central
Rent Equipment
For Less
Sell Equipment/Parts
Get The
Most Money
Service Technicians Forum
Find Help
And Advice
Simple RFP
Get Equipment
Virtual Trade Show
Find Service
For Equipment
Access and use of this site is subject to the terms and conditions of our LEGAL NOTICE & PRIVACY NOTICE
Property of and Proprietary to, Inc. Copyright ©2001-2018, Inc.